No matter Kidney Disease or other diseases all require a proper diet. Proper dietary habits can decrease high blood pressure and help the patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy protect their residual renal function to some extent. The general dietary principles for the patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy are as follows:
1. The patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy should decrease and even avoid
eating fatty meat. That is because fatty meat contains too much saturable fatty
acid that can cause cholesterol level to increase.
2. The patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy should increase the calcium
intake (at least 1000~1400 mg). The proper intake of calcium is beneficial to
lowering blood pressure and the discharging sodium built up in body. The common
foods with high calcium include nori, milk, and sesame and so on.
3. Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables. These foods contain abundant
vitamin C, which can help protect the endothelial cells of arteries.
4. As high blood pressure is the cause of Hypertensive Nephropathy, the
patients should eat more foods that can help decrease blood pressure. The common
foods that have an effect in decreasing blood pressure including carrot,
eggplant, and lotus root and so on.
5. The patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy should have smaller meals, more
often. Also they should limit the calorie in foods and limit the calorie intake
within 8.36 MJ per day.
6. In the late stage of Hypertensive Nephropathy, the patients usually have
proteinuria and edema. In this case, they should limit their protein intake
properly under their doctors’ guidance. Low protein intake can decrease the
pressure in glomeruli and reduce the proteinurie thus delaying the renal
7. The patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy should limit their salt intake
and keep their salt intake within 3 grams per day.
The above article has introduced the general principles for the patients with
Hypertensive Nephropathy. However, the disease conditions vary with different
patients. Therefore, they should make their personalized dietary principles
based on their medical reports under their doctors’ guidance.