Diabetes is not a single disease, but a group of diseases characterized with high blood sugar. World Health Organization divides Diabetes into two types: Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes.
For the patients with Type 1 Diabetes, their pancreas isletβcells are damaged
so they can not secrete enough insulin to help the glucose convert into energy
so the blood sugar in body rises. Therefore, the patients with Type 1 Diabetes
need to supply insulin that body needs to maintain normal physical activity.
However, with the regenerative medicine development, Immunotherapy can repair
and differentiate into new islet βcells to play their roles. In this way, the
patients can get rid of the dependence on insulin. Type 1Diabetes only covers
about 5% of the total population of Diabetes.
Most of the patients belong to Type 2 Diabetes. This type of Diabetes is not
caused by damaged isletβcells, but by the insulin resistance. This part of
patients with Type 2 Diabetes takes up about 90% of the total population. In the
early stage of Type 2 Diabetes, the patients can use non-insulin therapy to
treat this type of Diabetes. Immunotherapy is also effective to the treatment of
Type 2 Diabetes. It can eliminate insulin resistance so as to improve the
insulin utilization rate by body cells.
The main differences between Type 1 and 2 Diabetes are as follows:
1. Patient age: Type 1 Diabetes is common among the children and teenagers
below 30 years old. Type2 Diabetes is mainly found among middle-aged and elderly
people above 30 years old.
2. Bodily form: The patients with Type 1 Diabetes usually are very thin, but
those with Type 2 are fat or have the history of obesity, or normal bodily form
3. Disease process: Type 1 Diabetes develops very quickly and is very likely
to lead to ketoacidosis, complications of kidney disease and eye disease and so
on. However, Type 2 Diabetes progresses very slowly.
4. Family history of Diabetes: Most of the patients with Type 1 Diabetes do
not have family history of the disease. It is very common for the patients with
Type 2 Diabetes to have family history.
5. Blood sugar: For the patients with Type 1 Diabetes, their blood sugar is
very likely to fluctuate thus causing hypoglycemia. However, the patients with
Type 2 Diabetes do not have too many troubles in controlling their blood
The above article has introduced the main differences between Type 1 and 2
Diabetes. Once you are diagnosed with Diabetes, you should firstly make clear
which type you belong to and then adopt relative treatment. In this way, you
will be able to get a better recovery.