Want to know the knowledge about the classification of glomerulonephritis? If you know, please read.
(一) According to the basic types
It can be divided into primary glomerulonephritis and secondary glomerulonephritis. Primary glomerulonephritis is the independence of primary kidney disease, lesions mainly involving the kidneys. Secondary glomerulonephritis caused by other diseases, kidney disease is a systemic disease part. Primary glomerulonephritis can be divided into 4 types: ① mild glomerular lesions, focal segmental lesions ②, ③ diffuse glomerulonephritis, glomerulonephritis ④ no classification. But secondary glomerulonephritis can be divided into 3 types: ① Lupus glomerulonephritis, glomerulonephritis Purpura ②, ③ Diabetic nephropathy.
(二) By type of macroscopic
It can be divided into acute glomerulonephritis and chronic glomerulonephritis. Chronic glomerulonephritis can be divided into the pathological: ① mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, chronic diffuse glomerulonephritis ②, ③ membranous nephropathy, ④ Membrane proliferative glomerulonephritis, focal segmental glomerulonephritis ⑤.
(三) According to clinical classification criteria
Reference 1992 primary glomerulonephritis criteria glomerulonephritis primary clinical classification, can be divided into acute glomerulonephritis, the rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, chronic glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis Hidden.
1. Acute glomerulonephritis (known as acute nephritis)
It is a type because both sides of the infection caused by diffuse allergy damage renal glomerular based acute illness, the particularities of this disease is more acute onset in 1-3 weeks after infection, appears hematuria, proteinuria, urinary tube, edema, oliguria, hypertension ect.
2. Chronic glomerulonephritis (known as chronic nephritis)
It results from a variety of primary glomerular disease cycle of a leader (or even decades) with proteinuria, hematuria, edema, hypertension clinical manifestations of the disease. The disease is common, particularly high incidence of youth young men. It is very difficult cake disease, more progressive chronic renal failure, poor prognosis. Chronic glomerulonephritis is caused by various causes of a group of glomerular diseases. Clinically, it manifests as proteinuria, hematuria, edema, hypertension, etc. But the performance of each patient may have different degrees of severity, patients with edema as the first symptom, early in the morning when the light eyelids slightly swollen and facials, later slightly lower limb edema, the rest can disappear shortly after rest. Some patients with blood pressure as the first symptom, then it appears that chronic glomerulonephritis.
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