There are many people with glomerulonephritis, then? How to treat glomerulonephritis? Today we see together how to treat glomerulonephritis.
The disease is critical for the symptomatic treatment, essential for the prevention of sodium and water retention component, controlling circulating blood volume, to achieve relief of symptoms, prevention of fatal complications, renal function (heart failure, hypertensive) encephalopathy and protection of renal function, and prevent a variety of factors predisposing to worsen, promote kidney histological and functional repair.
Specific treatment programs
1. General deal
After acute onset must bedrest. The principles of food with low salt, high in vitamins, based diet high in calories. Protein intake to maintain 40 ~ 70G / día.Sal intake 2 ~ 3G / day, while limiting food intake of potassium.
2. Symptomatic treatment
Diuretic, overall use of thiazide diuretics, Step-down, usually using thiazide diuretics, vasodilators, ganglionic blockers used when needed, or in combination with blockers, calcium channel; hyperkalemia treatment limiting diets poor in high potassium and mainly due to one potassium-sparing diuretics.
3. Complications of treatment
Control failure, treatment should focus on correcting Shuinazhuliu restore blood volume, instead of the application to improve myocardial contractility drug digitalis, where the main measures antihypertensive diuretic, hypertensive encephalopathy, intravenous infusion of sodium nitroprusside other medicines, seizures may use intravenous stability; Uremia, see "ARF"
4. foci Treatment
When positive bacterial culture currently advocated in the lesion, should be actively treated with antibiotics, typically penicillin or macrolide antibiotics are used to control the lesions of infection, the prevention of the spread of germs paper disease for a period of approximately two weeks or until cure. Tonsillectomy in the progression of acute glomerulonephritis certainly no effect.
5. Anticoagulant and Thrombolytic
Urokinase infusion, but can be extended diuretic, potassium.
Acute glomerulonephritis following conditions should be used dialysis, which Shuinazhuliu serious, acute renal failure, oliguria two days or more, hyperkalemia, acute left ventricular failure, severe acidosis situation.
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