1. Trauma: Trauma war severe crush injuries, burns, shock, trauma, infection, trauma can be a timely manner. Therefore, the mortality statistics of acute renal failure have been greatly reduced.
2. Infection: biliary or gastrointestinal surgery, some resistant to antibiotics often caused by sepsis or shock harmful bacteria. severe acute pyelonephritis, renal papillary necrosis, may lead to acute, often very difficult to effectively treat renal failure.
3. Other bodies of the primary disease: As acute myocardial infarction, acute pancreatitis, abdominal visceral perforation, can lead to kidney failure. If the active and effective in the treatment of renal failure, the patient can not die from uremia, but died of severe primary disease.
4. Poisoning cytoplasm: Acute barbiturate poisoning can occur quickly shock, anuria, pulmonary edema and death. Carbon tetrachloride poisoning, sometimes causing acute tubular necrosis occurred simultaneously extensive liver damage, whether acute yellow atrophy of the liver. Although successful treatment of acute renal failure, the patient may die of liver failure.
Principles of Treatment
1. General treatment: bed rest, proper nutrition supplement etc.
2. Keep water, electrolyte and acid-base balance.
3. sensitive antibiotics to control infection
4. The dialysis include hemodialysis, hemofiltration or peritoneal dialysis.
5. Promote the renal tubular epithelial cell regeneration and repair.
Of the medication
1. Early mild patients can use to item, and pay attention to control fluid intake, vitamin supplements and energy, to maintain electrolyte and acid-base balance.
2. Severe cases should be timely, early dialysis treatment, if necessary, dialysis every day, and transfusions and human albumin.
3. The infection can be chosen according to the specific circumstances of drugs C item.
4. When hypertension drugs can choose the item A or C item
5. When heart failure, I can Cedilanid another heart medicine.
6. When the key is combined with drugs bleeding item A or C item.
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