Nephrotic Syndrome is a condition that is associated with Urine Protein levels that are more than 3.5 grams. Certain kidney diseases such as minimal change disease, membranous glomerulonephritis and FSGS are other diseases that can lead to NS. Patients may experience symptoms include ascites, arm, leg, facial or eye swelling, unintentional weight gain, loss of appetite, foamy urine and hypertension. In the following text, let's look at the cause and treatment for edema and ascites in this disorder.
What are edema and ascites?
Edema, also called oedema, refers to the abnormal accumulation of fluid
beneath the skin or in one of the cavities of the body. Ascites is an extremely
severe case of oedema, and it is the accumulation of extra fluid within the
abdominal cavity, specifically between the thin lining protecting the abdominal
organs and the abdominal wall. Symptoms of this condition include a swollen
stomach, bulging flanks or lower abdomen swelling, etc.
In NS, the filters of the kidneys, glomeruli, are damaged, and the filtration
membrane loses their normal barrier function. Big molecules like protein will be
released into urine. A decrease in blood protein levels will lead to reduced
plasma osmotic pressure, so fluid in the blood will penetrate into subcutaneous
tissue, leading to edema.
Besides, NS patients' kidneys cannot remove extra fluids as normal, and much
fluid may build up in the body, resulting in edema and also ascites.
In general, diuretics and restriction of fluid and sodium intake can help
relieve the symptom. However, the fundamental treatment should focus on
repairing the damaged glomerular filtration membrane and restoring the kidney
function. In this way, the problems of edema and ascites can be eliminated.
As one of the nation's leading kidney disease treatment hospital, we see more
patients with NS than other hospitals. This means we have a higher level of
experience and expertise, which is crucial to your treatment and recovery. If
you need any help, call +86 311 8926-2305 or send an email to