About 40% of people with Diabetes will be affected by kidney disease, as the disease affects the arteries of the body and as the kidneys filtering blood from many arteries. Diabetic Kidney Disease can be divided into five stages of deterioration, and the final stage is called total Renal Failure, or ESRD. It commonly takes over 20 years for patients to develop stage 5. However, this progressing can be slowed down or even stop with the following preventions.
The deterioration of kidney damage is closely linked to high blood glucose,
high blood pressure and unhealthy lifestyle. The best way to delay or prevent
kidney damage is to:
▪ Management of Urine Protein. Medications can reduce the level of albumin, a
protein, and improve kidney function.
▪ Keep the blood glucose levels at target. Talk to the doctor or consult our
online doctors about what the individual target range should be. Medicines, diet
and exercises can help get this purpose.
▪ Have a good control of blood pressure. For some people, the goal is below
130/80 mm Hg. Again, talk to the doctor about the personal target. Medicines,
diet and exercise may help control hypertension, or high blood pressure.
▪ Follow a healthy meal plan. For a person with proteinuria, a low-salt and
protein diet is recommended.
▪ Stop smoking.
▪ Treat urinary tract infections promptly.
▪ Avoid medical treatment that may put stress on the kidneys like x-rays
requiring the injection of contrast dyes.
▪ Have regular tests to ensure the health of the kidneys.
▪ Enjoy regular physical activity.