Risk factors for chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Chronic Kidney Disease is a disease which profoundly affects the life quality and health. CKD has a higher incidence of cardiovascular diseases ,mortality and type 2 diabetes. What makes things worse is that people do not notice this disease until a large damage is done. Once they develop CKD, they still have no awareness of cardiovascular disease onset which is the main cause of death in CKD patients. Then, Can Stage 3 Chronic Kidney Disease Be Reversed?
If untreated well, finally CKD leads to end-stage renal disease which requires dialysis and renal transplantation. In end-stage renal disease, kidneys completely fail to work, removing wastes and fluid from the body. As a result, plenty of toxic substances build up in the body which leads to plenty of life-threatening complications. If kidney transplant is performed, patients are likely to lead a happy life again. If not, they have to suffer from the anguish that disease brings.
CKD has been prevalence in the world which significantly affects the people’s life. Noticing the risk factors of CKD progression helps to stop the progress of CKD.
● Risk factors which speed up the decline of kidney function include:
Age The older a person is, the faster CKD progresses
Diabetes Diabetes is the main cause of CKD in the world.
High blood pressure. It plays a role on the progress of CKD, an independent risk factor of CKD.
CKD familial history People having familial history are more likely to develop CKD.
● Risk factors which can trigger kidney damage include:
High blood pressure
Autoimmune disease like SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus)
Primary glomerular disease
● Risk factors which lead to a progressive decline of kidney function include:
Persistent proteinuria, anemia, cardiovascular disease, smoking
After diagnosed with CKD, patients need to regularly do tests for proteinuria, kidney dysfunction and so on.Some accidents, injuries may reduce the blood volume to the kidneys, which can trigger the acute or sudden renal failure.
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