Lupus Nephritis is caused by autoimmune disorder or abnormality. In normal cases, the immune system helps protect the human body from infections or harmful substances. However, in some cases, the immunity is activated improperly and it can not tell the difference between harmful and healthy ones. When pathogenic microorganisms invade into body, the autoimmunity is activated to fight against them. However, as the immune system is disordered, the immune complexes C3, IgG, IgM etc deposit in the glomerular epithelial cells. The body initiates an inflammatory response to remove the immune complexes. As a result the inflammation damages the glomeruli and impairs the kidney function leading to Lupus Nephritis.
The patients are often accompanied by arthritis, heart problem, lung problem etc. They should avoid violent exercise and contact sports such as playing football, basketball etc. However, some aerobic and mild exercise can enhance the functions of heart and liver and strengthen bones and muscles. Therefore, it can prevent or relieve the complications of Lupus Nephritis remarkably. Yoga, biking, jogging are ok for them.
Besides taking proper exercise, the patients should also pay more attention to the following items.
Food is a common factor in triggering the onset and relapse of lupus. Therefore, the patients should avoid the foods that cause allergy such as mango, fish, shrimp etc.
2. Avoid exposure to sunlight
Ultraviolet light can trigger the relapse of lupus activity and aggravate renal function deterioration. Therefore, the patients should avoid exposing to sunlight in hot summer. They should prepare topee, sunblocking cream and wear longsleeved clothes when going out.
3. Be alert to infections
The patients with Lupus Nephritis have to use a large dosage of hormone and immunosuppressive agents to control the disease. Meanwhile, these medicines will also weaken the immunity. The external virus, germs and other outside stuffs are very likely to invade into body thus resulting in infections. Even if a mild infection may trigger the disease. Therefore, the patients with Lupus Nephritis should be alert to infections and do their best to avoid infections.
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