Hypertensive Nephropathy is caused by a long-term uncontrolled hypertension which makes the blood too high or too low, then the renal arteriole lumen becomes stenosis, and appears ischemia and anoxia.
The common complications of Hypertensive Nephropathy are as follows:
1. Glomerulosclerosis and Chronic Renal Failure
If the patients have a poor control of blood pressure over time, it can trigger glomerular ultrafiltration which can lead to glomerulosclerosis. In turn, for renal injury, the kidneys can not secrete hormone renin in charge of regulating blood pressure. As a result, the blood pressure is elevated thus accelerating Hypertensive Nephropathy progression.
2. Cerebrovascular accident
Cerebrovascular accident is a serious complication in Hypertensive Nephropathy with high morbidity. It can lead to disability and even death to the patients. The morbidity of cerebrovascular accident rises with blood pressure. Therefore, the patients should take effective preventive measures to avoid the damage. If they have fatigue, nausea, vomiting, dizziness etc for no clear reasons, they should go to see a doctor immediately.
3. Increased urination at night
The main reason for this phenomenon is because the early stages of hypertensive nephropathy, renal tubular damaged. As a result, urine drop, which may result in the concentration of nocturia.
Swelling mainly occurs around eyelids and lower limbs and other loose body part. It is obviously serious in the morning. After activity, it may relieve and even disappear.
5. Protein in urine
The patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy usually have mild proteinuria and microscopic hematuria and urine cast.
The complications of Hypertensive Nephropathy can accelerate the disease progression into Renal Failure. Therefore, the patients should not take proper treatment to stop the disease aggravation as early as possible.
Therefore, if the patients with high blood pressure, they should notice if they have the above symptoms. If possible, the patients with high blood pressure should do renal function test regularly to find if they have renal injury.
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