Hypertension is a condition when your blood pressure is recorded consistently at the level of 140/90 mmHg or higher. Most of the time, hypertension does not show any symptoms. The problem is that Hypertension is not just a cause of kidney disease, but it's also a result of damage created by the kidney disease. High blood pressure makes your heart work harder and damages your blood vessels. As the blood vessels in your heart become damaged, they lose their effectiveness in screening the wastes from your body. This increases the fluids in your body and increases your blood pressure even more.The damage of the blood vessels in your kidneys due to high blood pressure is what is known as Hypertensive Nephropathy.
The symptoms of Hypertensive Nephropathy:
1.The Change of urine volume. Have an increase of enuresis nocturna, next proteinuria and hematuria will appear, or even Uremia. The physical examination shows a continuing increase in blood pressure, ( higher than 20.0/13Kpa，150 /100mmHg). Some have edema on eyelid and lower limbs, and cardiac enlargement. Most have arteriosclerotic retinopathy, striature or flamboyancy haemorrhage in the fundus, gossypine soft exudate and malignant arteriolar nephrosclerosis.
2. Head impact. Headaches and dizziness caused by hypertensive nephropathy is a common complication, some people may have a heavy head or neck tension, dizziness often occur in the morning, usually in the forehead.
3. Symptoms on alimentary tract. Nausea and vomiting are caused by the hypertensive encephalopathy. The aetiological agent is the serious and lasting spasm in the brain arteriole which causes the blood circulation disorder and encephaledema thus leading to intracranial pressure increasing.
4. Retinopathy. A blurring vision, with a papilledema, retinal hemorrhage and errhysis.
5. Cardiac complications. The most frequent is hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy. During onset of palpitations, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, dyspnea on exertion, pulmonary edema and other symptoms. If it is too severe heart failure patients may have left, along with ischemic heart disease, angina or myocardial infarction.
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