A healthy diet for patients on hemodialysis is very important. It can make them get a better therapeutic effect and decline the incidence of complications. Therefore, they should arrange their daily diet scientifically with their dietitian’ guidance.
The patients on hemodialysis dialysis should keep protein intake within
1.2~1.3 grams/ per body weight in kilograms. In the total protein intake, they
should increase the high quality protein intake such as fish, milk, and other
Their calorie intake should reach 35 kilocalories/ per body weight in
kilograms per day. If the patients are over 60 years old, take less activity or
have good nutrition condition, they can decline the calorie intake to 30
kilocalories/ per body weight in kilograms. In the total calorie intake, about
40~50% of calorie should be supplied by sugar and the left calorie should be
provide by fat and protein.
The patients on hemodialysis should avoid too much intake of vitamin A, E and
K, or it will cause those vitamins to build up in their bodies thus causing
toxicity in their body. The patients can keep the intake of soluble vitamin B
just like other common people. Moreover, the vitamin C intake should not exceed
150 mg per day or it will cause high oxalic acid in blood.
4. Water and electrolyte
The patients on hemodialysis should limit their water intake properly and
also keep the sodium intake within 1~2 grams per day, potassium intake within 2
grams per day and phosphorus intake within 0.8 grams per day.
The above article has just listed the general diet principle for patients on
hemodialysis. The patients should arrange a proper diet plan based on their lab
results with their doctors’ guidance.