Nursing Care for People with Renal Failure
Nursing care plays a very important role in managing Renal Failure. It can reduce the incidence of complications and slow down progression of the disease.
1. Nursing care on diet for people with Renal Failure
A proper diet plays a vital role in slowing down the progression of Renal Failure. It can reduce the metabolite of nitrogen in blood and the dissolving of proteins so as to keep nitrogen balance. Also, it can guarantee sufficient nutrients in body to enhance the body’s immunity and delay the progression of Renal Failure.
Based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), they should adjust the protein consumptions accordingly. If GFR is below 50 ml/min, they should limit the protein and increase the consumption of proteins with high necessary uric acid. If the creatinine clearanee rate (Ccr) is below 5m/min, the protein intake should keep blow 20 g per day.
The patients should keep have sufficient calorie consumption per day to reduce the consumption of proteins in body. They should increase the calorie intake and keep it within 126 kj/kg, mainly fat and carbohydrate.
* Improve appetite
They should take some measures to improve the appetite of people with Renal Failure. The patients should increase activities, eat small means and enhance oral care.
2. Nursing care on complications for people with Renal Failure(Immunotherapy for Renal Failure).
* Rest and body posture
The patients should stay in bed to reduce burden to kidneys. Also they should rise up the swollen lower limbs frequently.
* Keep water balance
They should clearly know the amount of water they drink and the amount of urine in 24 hours. Based on the urine amount, they should adjust the amount of water they take per day.
* Measure body weight
They should measure body weight per day. If the amount of increased body fluid is above 0.5 kg per day, it implies that the body contains excess fluid.
Besides above two lists of nursing care on people with Renal Failure, you should also know the nursing care on skin, electrolyte balances etc. If you want to know more information about this topic, it is free for you to consult us on line.
Learn More: How Does Immunotherapy Treat Kidney Failure