The diet for patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy should not only supply necessary nutrient for people but also can avoid aggravating the burden to kidney. So the diet for patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy is quite important. When they take food they should follow those principles as follows:
One, patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy should take low sugar diet.
They should never eat high sugar diet, especially for those with hypertension
who are fat or have the tendency of obesity. Moreover, they should eat less of
sweet food such as cake, cookie, dessert and candy, etc.
Second, patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy should restrict the intake of
fat. When cooking they are advised to cook with plant oil containing high level
of unsaturated fatty acid, which can oxidize cholesterol and reduce it in
plasma, and inhibit thrombopoiesis and prevent apoplexia.
Besides, plant oil also contains much linoleic acid, which plays a role in
enhancing microvascular flexibility and preventing angiorrhexis and
Three, patients with Hypertension should take in proper amount of protein.
The daily proper quantity of protein's intake for them is 1g for every kilogram
of weight. However, if patients have Hypertension and Renal Insufficiency.So
they should restrict the intake of protein.
Four, patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy should eat food abundant with
potassium and calcium but low in sodium such as potato, eggplant, asparagus
lettuce,etc. High calcium food is milk, yoghurt and dried small shrimps, etc. As
broth is high in nitrogenous extract and it can lead to Uric Acid in urine
increase and aggravates burden to heart, liver and kidney, it should be less
Five, patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy should restrict the salt intake.
The everyday intake of salt should be gradually reduced to less than 6g, which
is as much as a common beer flushcover cap of salt abandoned with rubber mat in
the cap. The salt we discussed here is a total content which is constituted with
salt used for cooking and other salt contained in food. Properly reducing the
intake of salt is good for lowering down blood pressure and reducing the
retention of water and salt in body.