10 Ways to Prevent Complications of Diabetes
How much do you know the complications of Diabetes? What kind of complications do you know? Actually, there are several complications of Diabetes, such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, foot ulcers and retinopathy. How to prevent complications of diabetes?
1. Monitor blood sugar. By monitoring blood sugar, you can know your blood level. Besides, it can remind you to have a better control of blood sugar. Only in this way can the best glucose be achieved (HbA1c≤6.5%), reducing and delaying the occurrence and development of Diabetes complications.
2. Monitor blood pressure. Most Diabetes patients are accompanied with high blood pressure. To some extents, blood pressure on vascular injury is more significant than that of blood sugar. It is important for Diabetes patients to control blood pressure which should be less than 130/80mmHg. Healthy habits are helpful in lowering blood pressure, such as balance diet and regular exercise. It is also important to reduce salt and to control alcohol consumption in order to reduce blood pressure.
3. Have eyes checked once a year. Patients should see eye doctors once a year. They can help you to find vision problems related with Diabetes, such as cataract and retinal complications. If you have poor control of blood sugar or there is high blood pressure, kidney disease or high level of cholesterol, you need to increase the frequency of eye examinations.
4. Take care of your feet. Diabetes can damage foot nerves to reduce reactions to pains, which means that there is damage or blister on foot and you are unaware of them. Diabetes causes arterial stenosis or occlusion. If foot tissues are damaged, they are difficult to heal.
5. See dentists twice a year. High blood sugar can weaken the defense capabilities of immune system. For Diabetes patients, the ability against bacteria and viruses reduces, so there are bacteria in oral cavity. Gum is a common site of infection. However, healthy teeth are important to human.
6. Take system check once a year. Besides regular visit and treatment adjustment, patients need to take system check once a year. You can tell doctors your Diabetes condition and he would consciously focus on various issues related to Diabetes, such as eye disease, kidney disease and heart disease. Therefore, you can have a precise understanding of your health.
7. Take Aspirin once a day. Because Aspirin can reduce the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke, most patients should take Aspirin once a day. General recommended dose is 75mg—100mg.
8. Do not smoke. Studies have shown that smoking patients with Diabetes can easily die of kidney disease, stroke and other diseases. Smoking can cause narrowing of arteries, increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, which makes it more difficult to heal wounds. Smoking can increase risk of nerve injury and kidney diseases. Besides, it can further weaken immune system, which makes it easier for you to have cold and lung infection.
9. Inject vaccine regularly. Influenza may result in serious complications of diabetes, such as ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar coma. Most doctors suggest Diabetes patients inject lung vaccine once. If you have complications related with Diabetes or you are 65 years old, you should inject vaccine every five years. Besides, patients can inject other vaccines. If you haven’t injected hepatitis B vaccine, you should ask doctors to see whether you can take injections.
10. Regulate stress. Stress can increase the production of insulin-antagonistic hormones, causing high blood sugar. Long-term stress also can cause depression. We should learn to release pressure, regulate mood and live every day happily.
Experts warn patients with Diabetes to pay attentions to complications caused by Diabetes. Otherwise, damages to kidneys will occur, especially Diabetic Nephropathy. If you want to know more about Diabetes and Diabetic Nephropathy, you can send emails to firstname.lastname@example.org. We will do our best to help you.