As a type of genetic kidney disease,the development of Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a slow process. And the cysts will gradually enlarge during the development and they will press normal renal tissues and damage the normal renal function. During this process, many patients didn't pay attention to the development of PKD. But at last, it will aggravate to renal failure with the serious damage of renal tissue. And at this time, it will bring great suffering to patients and it is more hard to treat this disease. So patients of PKD must pay attention to the symptoms of uremia and prevent it early.
The symptoms of Renal Failure caused by PKD are rather complex, except
backache, abdominal mass (enlarged kidney), hematuresis and other pathognomonic
symptoms, there are many complications of PKD, the common ones include
hypertension, cyst infection, renal cyst burst and so on, there may appear those
symptoms during the end stage, including abdominal swell, waist pain, dyspnea,
urinary tract infection and sickness, which bring the patients much
So, what can we do to prevent PKD aggravating to Renal Failure?
First, Find patient’s condition early: according to researches, 60-70 percent
of PKD is hereditary and the morbidity of male and female is equal. Therefore,
there may be several people have this disease at the same time in a family with
PKD medical history. However, PKD symptoms usually appear at the age of 25-35
and some patients even didn’t find this disease until the appearance of symptoms
of renal failure. So, for people whose family has PKD medical history, they had
better take regular examinations and general survey in order to find and treat
it early. At present, the common examinations, such as B ultrasonic, CT and MRI
(magnetic nuclear resonance) and etc, all can diagnose this disease. Because scr
and urine nitrogen can express the damage level of renal function and the stage
of patient’ condition, we should take regular examination of these. Besides, by
gene diagnosis, it is possible to learn the genetic conditions of fetuses at the
early gestation period, which is helpful for enhancing the good birth rate.
Second, prevent and treat complications early: hypertension, urinary tract
infection, cyst burst are the common complications of PKD and they are the main
factors of causing and aggravating the damage of renal function, the patients
must treat and control the complications in time. However, they should avoid the
renal toxicity of medicine. If the patients have the symptoms of backache and
abdominal pain etc, they are more likely caused by cyst infection accompanied
with renal cyst burst, patients should see the doctor in time avoid delaying the
patient’s condition and aggravating renal failure.
Third, family care and recuperation: renal failure of PKD is type of chronic
disease, which will aggravate with mood fluctuation, overfatigue, diet disorder,
fallings and injuries. Therefore, PKD patients should keep good mood, alternate
work with rest and set up the confidence of conquering the disease in order to
coordinate with treatment. For diets, the patients should avoid cold, fat, sweet
and hot food, stop smoking and keep bowels open.
Generally speaking, the PKD patients should treat it positively and prevent
the occurring and development of its complications early in order to protect the
epibotic renalfunction and avoid the further damage of renal function. Most
patients’ conditions and clinical symptoms can be controlled and improved after
the rational treatment, which make the patients’ conditions relatively stable,
enhance patients’ life quality and prolong their life.