Many people have knowledge that high blood pressure can lead to Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke, while, few people know how it is related with Polycystic Kidney Disease. As a result, patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease do not pay much attention to when they present high blood pressure.
The continuous growth of the cysts will press on the normal kidney tissues,
which will lead to ischemia and anemia of the kidneys. At this time, the kidneys
will secrete more renins; blood vessels will secret more angiotensin so the
blood vessels will contract; finally the blood pressure will increase.
Once blood pressure increases, it will in turn aggravate the function of
kidneys, thus forming a vicious circle between high blood pressure and kidney
function. If patients have a high blood pressure for a long time, the kidney
capillaries will be affected first. The kidney intrinsic cells will be damaged
If patients can not control their high blood pressure, pathological changes
in the kidneys will be severer. Some patients might progress into Chronic Renal
Failure or Uremia.
Therefore, Polycystic Kidney Disease patients with high blood pressure should
have routine check, which includes urine routine, blood routine and kidney
functions. What is more, patients should pay attention to their daily diet.
1. Patients with high blood pressure should arrange their diet properly. Do
not eat too full. The dinner should be light.
2. The intake of the salt should be controlled in 2-5g per day.
3. Foods that contain potassium can resist the damage of the vessels caused
by high blood pressure which should be taken regularly. The potassium can be
found from beans, potatoes, fish etc.
4. Fresh vegetables and fruits should be taken everyday because they contain
mass Vitamin B and Vitamin C.