We all know that Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a kind of genetic disease which is carried during fetus and can be induced by acquired factors. Common symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease are shown below to help you better understand of your condition and slow down its progression:
1. Augmented kidneys
The amount and number of cysts will increase with time, but the progression
of the two sides can be different greatly. Usually symptoms won’t appear until
the cysts grow big enough and begin to press the kidneys. Cysts can be
distributed on the surface of the kidneys, which makes the kidneys irregular in
shape, concave-convex and quite hardened. In the early stage cysts may be found
by imaging examination and severe ones can be found with abdominal
2. Pains in the waist and abdomen
It is mainly caused by increased tension of renal capsule or traction of
renal capsule pedicle vessels and nerves as a result of the augmented cysts.
Besides, sudden sharp pain may be resulted from bleeding in the cysts, secondary
infection, combined calculus or blocked ureter caused by the clots after
It is quite common in Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease and is in close
relation to the pressure of growing cysts on surrounding tissues. Usually it
appears before renal damages and directly influences prognosis. With the premise
of normal renal functions, kidney volume is bigger in those with high blood
pressure than those without it.
5. Changes of urine
20 to 40 percent of the patients from 20 to 40 years old may have proteiuria,
in which the protein is often not more than 1g/24h. Besides, microscopic
hematuria or episodes of gross hematuria appears in half of the patients, which
is caused by rupture of blood vessels caused on cystic walls.
6. Polycystic Liver Disease
Generally it appears about ten years after the attack Polycystic Kidney
Disease and is found in about half of the patients who get Polycystic Kidney
Disease at their middle ages. The rate will grow to 70 percent after 60 years
old. Liver cysts are developed from labyrinth cholangiectasis. Besides, cysts
can also be found in pancreas and ovary.
It is advised to go for treatment if you have any of the above mentioned
symptoms. And please contact our experts online if you have more questions.