Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a genetic disease and can accompany patients’ whole life. If the patients do not receive effective treatment in an early time, all of them will end with Renal Failure. In order to slow down Renal Failure, dietotherapy plays an important role on this point. Moreover, dietotherapy can alleviate the complications of Renal Failure.
Dietotherapy for patients with Renal Failure before dialysis
(1) Protein intake
At the first and second stages of Renal Failure, the patients should reduce
their protein intake to 0.8 grams/kg per day. After their disease develops into
the third stage of Renal Failure, they should keep a low-protein diet and keep
their protein intake within 0.6 grams/kg per day. In their total protein intake,
haft of the protein should be obtained from quality protein such as lean meat,
fish, and egg white and so on.
(2) Calorie intake
When patients keep a low protein diet, they should have enough calorie
intakes so as to guarantee enough nutrition. They should have 125~146
calories/kg per day.
(3) Other nutrition
The patients should be supplied with various kinds of vitamins and folic
acid. However, when patients have hyperphosphatemia , they should keep the
phosphorus intake below 800 milligrams per day.
However, the patient with Renal Failure should make their diet schedule under
their doctors’ guidance. Some patients think that protein can accelerate the
kidney damage so they limit their protein intake blindly. As a result, it causes
severe malnutrition to them so the patients are very likely to have fatigue,
anemia and so on. Therefore, for patients with Renal Failure, if they keep a
low-protein diet, they should have follow-up regally and adjust their dietary
schedule based on their disease condition.
The doctors should help patients with Renal Failure make a scientific diet
schedule according to different patients’ kidney condition, pathogenesis ( such
as Diabetic Nephropathy, Hypertensive Nephropathy, Chronic Nephritis and so on),
nutrition condition, absorption and digestion and so on).
Scientific dietotherapy is important for patients with Renal Failure to slow
down their kidney damage, Therefore, they should make a proper dietary schedule
under their doctors’ guidance.