What to Eat and What to Avoid for Patients with Nephrotic Syndrome
In cases of Nephrotic Syndrome, the patients are featured by massive proteinuria, hyperlipemia and hypoproteinemia as well as swelling. A proper diet aiming at supplying adequate protein supply to replace the lost protein is very essential to slow down the disease progression.
Foods that can be eaten in Nephrotic Syndrome:
* Cow’s milk, skimmed milk
* Vegetables and fruits with low level of sodium and phosphorus
* Wheat, cereals
* Egg white, lean meat, fish
* Low intake of vegetable oils and butter
Foods to be avoided in Nephrotic Syndrome
High-protein diets: High-protein diets are not recommended for the patients with Nephrotic Syndrome because they can result in aggravation of renal function and damage to renal tubule. The patients with Nephrotic Syndrome should keep moderate protein intake about 1 gram/kg per body weight to compensate the lost protein in urine.
High-fats diets: Diets low in saturated fats and cholesterol are recommended to the patients with Nephrotic Syndrome. The diets can keep help the patients loss excessive weight thus reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
High-salt diets: High-salt diets not only can elevate high blood pressure and aggravate swelling, but also can limit the kidneys to remove phosphorous from the blood. If the phosphorous level in blood is too high, it can weaken bones.
Meanwhile, for the massive loss of protein in urine, the body can not get sufficient energy supply. In order to make up for it, the patients with Nephrotic Syndrome should keep adequate calorie intake per day.
More: Nephrotic Syndrome and Chinese Medicine