How to Manage Diet for Chronic Kidney Disease Patients
Diet management for kidney disease patients varies from people in this stage to that. Generally, Chronic Kidney Disease patients should follow low-salt, low-fat, and low-protein diet, nut some of them could have some high-protein foods. There takes an analysis as followed:
The limit on protein intake is 0.75g per kilogram of one's total body weight, except for those suffering from haemodialysis. That is to say the patient will almost become a vegetarian. It is suitable for patients have Insufficient Kidney Function or Uremia. High-vitamin foods are recommended, including apple, Celery, cauliflower, tomatoes, melon, rice, noodles, etc.
2. High-protein diet
Increase protein intake in daily diet on the account of 0.75g per kilogram of one's total body weight. It is suitable for kidney disease patients who have symptoms of low plasma proteins caused by high proteinuria, and patients without renal insufficiency but have sudden drop of swellings and conspicuous thin figure. Clinically, the patient can chose to take line meat, blackfish, carp, sea cucumbers, eggs, etc., but animal liver, kidney, heart, eggs, etc., are not available. However, small amount of foods such as beans, barley, corn and so on are available for them.
3. Low fat diet
Low fat and low cholesterol diet including foods such as algae, seaweed, black fungus, hawthorn, onion, lotus, celery, water chestnuts, seaweed, rice, pasta and so on, are proper for patients suffering from Renal Insufficient or those who have increasing blood lipid.
4. High calorie diet
Frequent but moderate meals by having snacks, sweets and sugar are suitable for patients with Chronic Nephritis or Chronic Renal Failure but no Diabetes.
5. Low or no salt diet
Low salt should be less than 5 mg sodium per serving, which is sufficient to stay healthy. No salt diet refers to diet without any salt. These two kinds of diets are suitable for acute / chronic kidney disease patients suffering edema and hypertension.