Kidneys play a vital role in our body and they are responsible for excreting metabolic wastes and excessive fluid as well as keep the useful substances such as proteins remain in blood. However, in Nephrotic Syndrome, the renal filters glomeruli are impaired and their filtration membrane loses their normal barrier function so they can not prevent the leakage of protein into urine.
Abnormal renal tubule function : A large of proteins flow into proximal tubule, it can cause tubule disorder. The patients with Nephrotic Syndrome may have renal glucosuria, acidaminuria and proximal renal tubular acidosis.
Edema is a common manifestation in Nephrotic Syndrome. Some patients may have hydrothorax which can affect the breath and put much burden to heart and even cause death. Therefore, it is quite essential to eliminating edema in Nephrotic Syndrome. Primarily, let's see the causes of edema.
In treating Nephrotic Syndrome, Immunotherapy can differentiate into new renal functional cells to replace the damaged cells to function. Once the glomeruli are repaired very well, the filtration function will improve and even recover normal. Afterwards, the retention of water and sodium will relieve and disappear gradually.
To prevent Diabetes in patients who take steroid treatment, they should monitor their blood glucose level regularly. During the treatment process, they should know the indications and contraindications of hormone so as to choose proper types of hormones.
In a word, if the patients with Nephrotic Syndrome need to use steroid in the long term, they should also take the level of HBALC at least one time in half of a year. HBALC can reflect the blood sugar level within 2~3 months. So it can reflect the blood sugar change more accurately after using steroids.
To avoid Diabetes completely for the patients with Nephrotic Syndrome, they should change the hormone therapy to another new treatment immediately.