Diabetes is characterised by a high or elevated blood sugar level which is caused due to lifestyle or genetics. However, in some cases, this disorder develops due to a malfunction within the immune system.
Type 1 diabetes
This disease is often an autoimmune disease, and it affects nearly 5% to 10% of the patients. When you are affected by foreign bacteria or a virus, the immune system will be activated to fight off it. For patient with this disorder, the immune system misdirect its signals to destroy the bacteria, and instead attack the insulin beta cells in the pancreas. Consequently, little or no insulin is produces to help regulate the levels of blood sugar and bring them to normal range.
Type 2 diabetes
Sometimes, this disease can also arise when there is autoimmune disorder. A viral infection or bacteria might lead to insulin insensitivity, though majority of the cases are often associated with unhealthy lifestyle. When the blood sugar is out of control, insulin can be always secreted, which has a direct effect on both diabetes and the immune system.
Symptoms of Diabetic Renal Disease are often non-existent in the early stages of chronic kidney disease, so people may be unaware they have the condition until a later stage in the disease.
It is important for persons with Type 2 Diabetes to have two tests of kidney function performed early and regularly: 1) the serume creatinine or eGFR and 2) the urine test for protein (albumin, microalbumin, or microalbumin/creatinine ratio).
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