Polycystic Kidney Disease is a kind of congenital hereditary disease, mainly expressed by various sized cysts in bilateral kidneys, which can enlarge kidney obviously and cause shape abnormality to kidneys. With illness development, cysts grow bigger and more and finally Renal Functional Failure appears due to great damage of renal tissue. Well then, how to preventing Renal Failure happening in the course of PKD.
Firstly, discover illness condition as early as possible. PKD has a
hereditary tendency, with equal incidence to both male and female. For this
reason, there may be several family members suffering from PKD at the same time
in a family with PKD history. PKD always happens among patients who are at
middle age. Even some patients do not realize this disease until symptoms of
Renal Function Failure appear.
Secondly, preventing and treating complications early. High Blood Pressure,
urinary tract infection and cyst rupture are common among complications of PKD.
Meantime, these complications are also significant factors inducing and
worsening renal function damage. Therefore, these complications should be
treated and controlled in time. When choosing medicine, patients should be care
about nephrotoxic medicine.
Thirdly, Chinese Medicine treatment: Chinese Medicine has a good effect on
treating Chronic Renal Function Failure, especially on treating early or middle
stage patients. Chinese Medicine can improve patients’ clinical condition
obviously and control illness development as well as reduce serum creatinine and
Fourthly, family care and nursing: Renal Function Failure of PKD is a kind of
chronic progressive developing disease. It may be worsened by mood swings,
extreme tiredness or improper diet as well as trauma and other related factors.
Therefore, patients should keep a happy mood and adjust their work and rest
properly as well as build confidence to overcome this disease and cooperate with
treatment actively. As for diet principle, patients should take a light and
fresh diet with rich nutrition. More fruit is OK. Besides, patients should limit
their protein intake properly and avoid icy, uncooked and spicy food. Cigarette
and alcohol are forbidden. If patients suffer from serious Hypertensive Edema,
they should limited sodium salt intake. in addition, patients should take some
exercise, but be cautious about compress on waist and abdomen in order to
prevent cysts rupture. Patients suffering from serious illness condition should
take a bed rest.
Fifthly, Kidney Replacement Therapy: due to renal function decline seriously,
patients who are in late stage Renal Function Failure of PKD usually have a
really bad reaction to medicine. Besides, these patients’ clinical symptoms
worsen gradually and illness condition is so dangerous that Kidney Replacement
Therapy, Hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, should be considered. Abdominal
cavity reduces because patients’ kidneys enlarge obviously. Under such
circumstances, peritoneal dialysis nearly has no effect, so hemodialysis is
taken normally. As for patients with continuous bleeding or uncontrolled blood
pressure, surgery operation can be considered to remove kidney. Kidney
Transplant can be taken if possible.