Caring measures are different according to different illness stage of Polycystic Kidney Disease patients. Clinical care can affect the process of treatment directly. Some details are introduced as follows:
Firstly, as for Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) patients without renal
function injury, they should be told related knowledge when they are tested out
this disease in order to make patients know more about hereditary characteristic
of this disease. Regular check is necessary in order to observe renal function
condition in time. Patients should avoid collision, pressing and strenuous
exercise as well as prevent Haematuria and urinary tract infection. Besides,
patients should take a proper diet and regular life style, developing a correct
habit of caring body health and life. Proper exercise and rest is required.
Cigarette and alcohol are forbidden.
Secondly, Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) patients who are in compensatory
stage complicated with Nephrotic Hypertension should take proper hypotensor to
reduce blood pressure on one hand, and on the other hand they should have a
scientific diet with low slat, low fat and proper high-quality protein. Patients
should have enough rest and avoid tiredness. They should prevent clod and
urinary tract infection as well as gastrointestinal tract infection. Regular
renal function tests and routine urine test are required.
Thirdly, Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) patients who suffer from early or
middle Renal Failure should avoid nephrotoxic medicine which can cause damage to
renal parenchyma and aggravate renal function. Because most medicines are
excreted out of body by kidney and excreting ability decreases in Renal Failure
stage, medicine dosage is increased unconsciously. For this reason, medicine
taking time and dosage should be adjusted according to patients’ renal function
Fourthly, in Uremia stage: due to large volume of bilateral kidneys of
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) patients, it can be some difficult for patients
to accept Peritoneal Dialysis. So presently, Hemodialysis is mainly used as the
treatment of Uremia patients.
The key of treating Polycystic Kidney Disease is to block renal fibrosis,
recover injured renal inherent cells and inhibit cyst growing. Through this way,
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) patients can have a longer life with higher