Polycystic kidney disease (also called PKD) causes numerous cysts to grow in the kidneys. These cysts are filled with fluid. If too many cysts grow or if they get too big, the kidneys can become damaged. PKD cysts can slowly replace much of the kidneys, reducing kidney function and leading to kidney failure.
Dietary therapy for PKD patients becomes principal. The following is an introduction offered by renal specialists about diet principles.
1. Reduce fat intake. It is for controlling heat supply and keeping fit. Patients with PKD usually have lipid metabolism disorders, so avoid excessive protein intake.
2. Proper protein intake. Protein is a necessary kind of nutrient for human body. Too much protein intake increases burden and damage to kidney, while inadequate intake has effect on nutrition supply.
3. Replenish adequate vitamins. Especially increase vitamin B as well as vitamin supplement intake which regulate body metabolism.
4. Low-salt diet. Avoid pickled foods to limit salt intake.
5. Adequate water intake. Keep daily water intake more than 2500ml. Patients with PKD need more water to discharge metabolism, since their kidney concentrating function has decreased.
6. Eat light foods easy to digest. Keep away from stimulus foods such as chili, green onion, garlic, etc.
If you still confused or have any other questions, you can contact with kidney doctor online or send a email to firstname.lastname@example.org.