A kidney-friendly diet plays a vital role in managing FSGS and it can reduce the relapses and slow down its progression. High-sodium foods should be removed from the diet of patients with FSGS.
Retention of fluid and sodium is the main cause of swelling in FSGS. If it is
not corrected over time, it will result in high blood pressure. Research has
proved that in kidney diseases strict blood pressure control is crucial.
Therefore, the patients with FSGS should be very careful about their sodium
intake and limit its intake strictly.
These high sodium foods to avoid include all types of frozen meats, corned
beef, pepperoni, sausage, pizza, fast foods, cheese, pickles, soy sauce, potato
chip and all types of canned soup.
Besides high-sodium foods, the patients should also keep the following
After the proteins metabolized, they will produce a large amount of urea
nitrogen which can put strain on kidneys. Therefore, the patients with FSGS
should restrict the protein intake to 0.6 grams/kg per body weight.
High potassium level in blood can cause arrhythmia and heart attack and it is
a main cause of sudden death. Meanwhile, high potassium can lead to vomiting,
nausea and abdominal pain. The common foods rich in potassium mainly include
avocados, red chili, coca powder and chocolate, nuts, seeds, beans, dates, dried
Vitamins take part in the energy metabolism in body. Vitamin insufficiencies
can cause energy metabolic disorder. Therefore, the patients with FSGS should
increase the intake of vegetables and fruits such as pea, apple and
If the patients with FSGS have a strict control not only when they are on
treatment, but also when the disease in complete remission, it will delay its
relapse and slow down its progression significantly.