High blood pressure is commonly seen in people with Diabetes. The mortality is much higher in patients accompanied by high blood pressure than those who do not have.
Why the patients with Diabetes develop high blood pressure?
☆ Family history
High blood pressure is more common among people with a family history of the
disorder. Meanwhile, it is closely related to obesity and dyslipidemia.
Hyperinsulinmia can cause reduced sensitivity of peripheral tissues to
insulin. To keep the normal level of blood glucose, the islet cells will work
hard to secrete more insulin thus causing high insulin level in blood. The
insulin resistance in fat tissues can cause the concentration of free fatty acid
and the triglyceride to increase thus increasing the risk of cardiovascnlar
In Diabetes, more renin is secreted by kidneys. Increased renin secretion can
cause increased production of angiotonin thus causing contraction of blood
vessels. As a result, the blood pressure will increase.
☆ Kidney injury
Kidney injury is commonly seen among people with a long history of Diabetes.
As excess fluid can not be filtered out of body, it will cause retention of
fluid. As a result, the increased blood volume thus resulting in high blood
High blood pressure can speed up the progression of Diabetes and cause more
damage to kidneys. Therefore, it is very important for them to control to
control their blood pressure.
1. Controlling blood glucose level plays a vital role in controlling blood
2. The patients should take proper aerobic exercise such as biking, jogging
and avoid strenuous exercise which may cause blood pressure fluctuation.
3. If they are obese, they should take effective measures to lose weight.
4. Excessive intake of sodium can cause retention of fluid in body thus
aggravating high blood pressure. Therefore, the patients should limit salt
intake and foods rich in sodium.
5. Nicotine and alcohol can contract blood vessels and cause increased heart
beat. Therefore, the patients with Diabetes should quit smoking and
The above article has introduced the causes and preventive measures of high
blood pressure in Diabetes. If you have questions about how to control high
glucose level, how to remove proteins in urine etc, you can consult us on